American Auditory Society 2018

At this year’s American Auditory Society, we shared a number of research posters and podiums. Links to poster PDFs are listed below.

Using Ecological Momentary Assessment in Audiology Research: The Participants’ Perspective

Relationship Between Automatic Behavior of Directional Microphones and Listening Effort

Adaptive Assessment of Individualized Annoyance Levels with Ecologically Valid Stimuli

Psychometric Comparison of the Hearing in Noise Test and American English Matrix Test

On the importance of data logging: Hearing aid wearers over-report use time

With the multitude of rehabilitative considerations to be made during follow-up appointments, we often forget to review the valuable data collected through hearing aid data logging. Of interest should be estimated daily wear time, as this can provide valuable insight to a patient’s reliance on the devices. In this review, Solheim and Hickson show discrepancies between logged use time and patient reported use time, pointing toward additional utility in the objectively logged data.

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Solheim, J. & Hickson L. (2017). Hearing aid use in the elderly as measured by data-logging and self-report. International Journal of Audiology56, 472-479.

Effective Communication Behavior During Hearing Aid Appointments

Our latest review is Munoz et al (2017) Effective Communication Behavior during Hearing Aid Appointments. You may find this excerpt interesting: “A striking outcome was the significant reduction in personal speaking time of audiologists following a pre-training workshop. When the speaking time of both patients and audiologists were compared (audiologists dominated during pre-training) both were approximately equal after the workshop. Although speaking time was not explicitly stressed in the workshop, these findings suggest a reduction in audiologist verbal dominance after training, suggesting that the training positively impacted this counseling behavior.”

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If you’re a new reader, here are the archives: Link

On the Topic of Hearing Loss and Fatigue

In 2013, we reviewed an article from Dr. Ben Hornsby in which he reported on an initial foray into the fatiguing effects of listening to speech while managing a cognitively challenging secondary task (read here). The outcomes of his investigation suggested that use of hearing aids may reduce fatiguing effects of completing that secondary task. In more recent work, Drs Hornsby and Kipp assessed utility of standardized measures of fatigue among a large group of subjects with hearing loss.

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Hornsby, B. & Kipp, A. (2016). Subjective ratings of fatigue and vigor in adults with hearing loss are driven by perceived hearing difficulties not degree of hearing loss. Ear and Hearing 37 (1), 1-10.

Hearing Aid Use Decreases Perceived Loneliness

Since the early 80s, we’ve understood that self-reported hearing loss is highly correlated with feelings of loneliness and inferiority, reduced interest in leisure activities and withdrawal from others. Researchers have only recently started focused investigation toward the influence of hearing aid use on subjective perception of loneliness. In this blog, we review the work of Weinstein and colleagues, who found significant loneliness reduction among a group of new hearing aid wearers.

Read more here

Weinstein, B., Sirow, L. & Moser, S. (2016).  Relating hearing aid use to social and emotional loneliness in older adults. American Journal of Audiology 25, 54-61.

CONSIDERATIONS FOR MUSIC PROCESSING THROUGH HEARING AIDS

While speech is arguably the most important sound that listeners encounter on a daily basis, the perception of other sounds should be taken into consideration, including music. In this study, Arehart and her colleagues examined the effect of a variety of signal processing conditions on music quality ratings for normal-hearing and hearing-impaired individuals.

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Arehart, K., Kates, J. & Anderson, M. (2011) Effects of Noise, Nonlinear Processing and Linear Filtering on Perceived Music Quality, International Journal of Audiology, 50(3), 177-190.

2016 American Academy of Audiology Foundation Board

This group is the 2016 Board for the American Academy of Audiology Foundation. Their work and many audiologist and sponsor donations supported $164,000 in research grants and educational programs during 2015. Fund raising is off to an even stronger start in 2016.

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American Auditory Society 2016

The 2016 American Auditory Society starts today. Our posters are available for download at the links below:

A new online questionnaire for assessing spatial hearing ability http://buff.ly/1SkE0w6

Statistical analysis of outcomes from the device oriented subjective outcome scale http://buff.ly/1SkE1Ac

Speech intelligibility differences between bilateral and monaural telephone listening conditions http://buff.ly/1SkE1QC

Validation of a hearing aid program designed for music listening http://buff.ly/1SkE1QH

Acceptable hearing aid throughput delay for listeners with hearing loss under noisy conditions http://buff.ly/1SkE1QO

Amplitude modulated forward masking in listeners with normal and impaired hearing http://buff.ly/1Trh3Ji

Can a commercially available auditory training program improve audiovisual speech performance? http://buff.ly/1Trh3ZC

Listening gets more effortful in your forties

Understanding speech in noise poses difficulty for hearing-impaired people of all ages. Even older adults with normal hearing sensitivity demonstrate greater difficulties than their younger, normally hearing counterparts. The work of DeGesst and colleagues documents increases in effortful listening that closely follow the listeners’ age.

Read more: 

DeGeest, S., Keppler, H. & Corthals, P. (2015) The effect of age on listening effort. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research 58(5), 1592-1600.

Another piece in the puzzle of hearing aid use and cognitive decline

Many individuals with hearing loss go without hearing aids, if causal linkage exists between increased risk of cognitive decline or dementia due to untreated hearing loss the implications are of meaningful concern for a large population of older adults. These factors have motivated a swell of interest in relationships among declining hearing ability, cognition, and memory for our aging population.

The reviewed study offers a longitudinal look at changes in screened cognitive ability as a function of self-reported hearing status.

Amieva, H., Ouvrard, C., Giulioli, C., Meillon, C., Rullier, L. & Dartigues, J.F. (2015) Self-Reported Hearing Loss, Hearing Aids and Cognitive Decline in Elderly Adults: A 25-Year Study. Journal of the American Geriatric Society 63 (10), 2099-2104.

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