Tag Archives: jason galster

A Pediatric Prescription for Listening in Noise

Hearing aid prescriptions are traditionally developed for the application of accessing speech in quiet listening conditions. This month we review an article from Crukley and Scollie that describes a version of the DSL v5.0 designed for listening in noisy situations.

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On the prevalence of hearing loss and barriers to hearing aid uptake

Dawes and his colleagues examine the prevalence of hearing impairment among 164,700 middle-aged respondents in the U.K., assessing how audiologic and demographic factors relate to hearing impairment and the use of hearing aids among individuals in this age group.

They report that 10.7 % of participants had hearing impairment; tinnitus was reported by 16.9% of the subjects, which is consistent with previous reports (Davis 1995).  The results show, not surprisingly, that the prevalence of hearing loss increases with increasing age, with an acceleration of prevalence beginning in the 55-59 year old age group.

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The most important factors behind directional microphone benefit

In this month’s blog the three primary goals from a recent study by Keidser and colleagues are reviewed. The authors report on a series of factors that affect benefit from directional microphones in hearing aids. Specifically, they were interested in the effects and interaction of three potential sources of variability: differences in the individual SNR achieved by physical directional benefit, differences in the ability to make use of SNR improvements and variability related to measurement error.

Read more: http://buff.ly/1qskoJK

Acclimatizing to hearing aids may not mean what you think it means

New patients frequently report that their new hearing aids sound tinny, metallic, loud, or unnatural. The clinical audiologist recognizes that these comments will decrease in frequency with time. This process is often described as acclimatization: a reaction to new hearing aids that occurs because the patient has adjusted to hearing sound filtered by their hearing loss. When amplification is introduced, the subsequent increase in audibility and loudness perception is unfamiliar and therefore unnatural…

Read more: http://bit.ly/1hseMo0

The Top 5 Hearing Aid Research Articles from 2013!

Top 5

1) The Clinical Practice Guidelines in Pediatric Amplification

After a 10-year wait, the guidelines for prescription of hearing aids to children were updated in 2013—making them the most modern of any peer-reviewed guidelines. There is little doubt that these recommendations will impact future publication and fitting protocols at clinical sites around the world. The guidelines are freely available at the link below.

American Academy of Audiology. (2013). Clinical Practice Guidelines Pediatric Amplification. Reston, VA: Ching, T., Galster, J., Grimes, A., Johnson, C., Lewis, D., McCreery, R…Yoshinago-Itano, C.

http://buff.ly/18TNGsz

2) Placebo effects in hearing aid trials are reliable

This article echoes publications from the early 2000’s (e.g., Bentler et al., 2003) that reported on blinded comparisons of analog and digital hearing aids. In those early studies, participants showed clear bias when primed to believe that option ‘A’ was a higher technology than option ‘B’. That early work was more focused on comparing technologies than this insightful report on placebo effects. Dawes and colleagues share an important reminder that placebo is real and should be accounted for in experimental design, whenever possible.

Dawes, P., Hopkins, R., & Munro, K. (2013). Placebo effects in hearing aid trials are reliable. International Journal of Audiology, 52(7), 472-477.

http://buff.ly/JF7DHM

3) Effects of hearing aid use on listening effort and mental fatigue

In the last few years, a number of research audiologists and hearing scientists have worked to document relationships between cognitive capacity, listening effort, and hearing aid use. An undertone of these efforts has been the assumption that a person with hearing loss will be less fatigued when listening with hearing aids. This article is one of the first published attempts at clearly documenting this fatiguing effect.

Hornsby, B.W. (2013). Effects of hearing aid use on listening effort and mental fatigue associated with sustained speech processing demands. Ear & Hearing, 34(5), 523-534.

http://buff.ly/JF7vrH

4) Characteristics of hearing aid fittings in infants and young children

The recent publication of updated pediatric fitting guidelines leads one to wonder how well fundamental aspects of these recommendations are being followed. This report from McCreery and colleagues is a clear indication that superior pediatric hearing care is uncommon and most often found in large pediatric medical centers. They also reinforce the consideration that consistent care from a single center may result in the most prescriptively appropriate hearing aid fitting.

McCreery, R., Bentler, R., & Roush, P. (2013). Characteristics of hearing aid fittings in infants and young children. Ear & Hearing, 34(6), 701-710.

http://buff.ly/18TNnhp

5) The Style Preference Survey (SPS): a report on psychometric properties and a cross-validation experiment

Closing out the Top 5: this article warrants high regard for rigor in design and quality of reporting. The authors delivered an article that will educate future researchers on the development and validation of questionnaires. Beyond this utility, the results are some of the first to identify the dimensions of preference that underlie the well-established bias toward preference of open-canal hearing aids.

Smith, S., Ricketts, T., McArdle, R., Chisolm, T., Alexander, G., & Bratt, G. (2013). Style preference survey: a report on the psychometric properties and a cross-validation experiement. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 24(2), 89-104.

http://buff.ly/JF740H

#acoustics

A plastic cup makes for a simple and effective instant speaker.

 

Patients with higher cognitive function may benefit more from hearing aid features

This month’s review discusses an in-press publication from Dr. Ng and colleagues. The authors documented participants’ cognitive status through a series of tests that exercised working memory. They found that hearing aid features such as digital noise reduction provide mild improvements to information retention: an effect that was more pronounced for participants with higher cognitive function.

http://buff.ly/1gTD3WM

Virtual Conference: Individual Variability in Aided Outcomes

Below are a series of links that will direct you to recorded presentations from a recent conference on Individual Variability in Aided Outcomes. The presentations address a broad range of audiologic topics and can be viewed free of charge. There is also an option to view each of these for continuing education units. Enjoy.

Individual variability in outcomes with directional microphones
http://buff.ly/1cwmvkJ
Variability in techniques for frequency lowering
http://buff.ly/1cwmNbe
Individual variability in aided and unaided acceptable noise levels
http://buff.ly/18oyQdT
Accounting for individual variability in an auditory rehabilitation plan
http://buff.ly/1cwn9yT
Individual variability in aided measures of cognitive function
http://buff.ly/1cwnGR9

Do the benefits of tinnitus therapy increase with time?

In this month’s post, we review findings from a 12-month study that looked at tinnitus retraining therapy, open-canal hearing aids, and non-amplifying sound therapy devices. The results point toward progressive improvements in tinnitus-related outcomes over time, suggesting that a longitudinal treatment plan may be a valuable consideration.

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Adjusting hearing aids for tinnitus relief

Over one quarter of people report that hearing aids alone provide some measure of tinnitus relief. Shekhawat and colleagues propose that mild adjustments to a hearing aids frequency response may increase likelihood of tinnitus relief during a traditional hearing aid fitting. This article review discusses their findings and describes a series of recommendations for adjusting common hearing aid parameters in a manner that may further increase relief from tinnitus during hearing aid use.

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